The Persian
knot

The warp threads (vertical) are stretched between two beams and the weavers, sitting side by side every 90 cm, and patiently giving birth to the rug, knot after knot, row after row, grasping the appropriate coloured strand at each knot. Weft threads (horizontal) are interwoven in the warp threads between each row of knots. This is how the rug backing is built up and consolidated. The warp and weft threads are usually made of cotton, but can be made of wool to produce nomadic rugs and in silk for fine rugs The vertical loom is also referred to as the high wrap loom.

IPN-W1 - Persian knots - Regular tightening - Wool (India)
Price
On request
Quality
3/22 (25.000 noeuds/m²)
Techniques
Nœuds persans
Origin
Inde
Composition
Laine
Spinning
Filature
Features
Velours
Cutting
Non
Weight
4,4 kg/m²
Rug backing
Souple
Account code
20.0322 W (58 )
Rates
IPN-W1
IPN-W2 - Persian knots - Moderate tightening - Wool (India)
Price
On request
Quality
5/25 (47.000 noeuds/m²)
Techniques
Nœuds persans
Origin
Inde
Composition
Laine
Spinning
Filature
Features
Velours
Cutting
Non
Weight
5,2 kg/m²
Rug backing
Souple
Account code
20.0525 W (58 )
Rates
IPN-W2
IPN-W3 - Persian knots - Strong tightening - Wool (India)
Price
On request
Quality
6/40 (91.000 noeuds/m²)
Techniques
Nœuds persans
Origin
Inde
Composition
Laine
Spinning
Filature
Features
Velours
Cutting
Non
Weight
4,8 kg/m²
Rug backing
Souple
Account code
20.0640 W (58 )
Rates
IPN-W3
IPN-W4 - Persian knots - Heavy tightening - Wool (India)
Price
On request
Quality
9/9 (125.000 noeuds/m²)
Techniques
Nœuds persans
Origin
Inde
Composition
Laine
Spinning
Filature
Features
Velours
Cutting
Non
Weight
4,2 kg/m²
Rug backing
Souple
Account code
20.099 W (58 )
Rates
IPN-W4
IPN-V1 - Persian knots - Regular tightening - Viscose (India)
Price
On request
Quality
3/22 (25.000 noeuds/m²)
Techniques
Nœuds persans
Origin
Inde
Composition
Viscose
Spinning
Filature
Features
Velours
Cutting
Non
Weight
5,3 kg/m²
Rug backing
Souple
Account code
20.0322 V (58 )
Rates
IPN-V1
IPN-V2 - Persian knots - Moderate tightening - Viscose (India)
Price
On request
Quality
5/25 (47.000 noeuds/m²)
Techniques
Nœuds persans
Origin
Inde
Composition
Viscose
Spinning
Filature
Features
Velours
Cutting
Non
Weight
5 kg/m²
Rug backing
Souple
Account code
20.0525 V (58 )
Rates
IPN-V2
IPN-V3 - Persian knots - Strong tightening - Viscose (India)
Price
On request
Quality
6/40 (91.000 noeuds/m²)
Techniques
Nœuds persans
Origin
Inde
Composition
Viscose
Spinning
Filature
Features
Velours
Cutting
Non
Weight
5 kg/m²
Rug backing
Souple
Account code
20.0640 V (58 )
Rates
IPN-V3
IPN-V4 - Persian knots - Heavy tightening - Viscose (India)
Price
On request
Quality
9/9 (125.000 noeuds/m²)
Techniques
Nœuds persans
Origin
Inde
Composition
Viscose
Spinning
Filature
Features
Velours
Cutting
Non
Weight
4,5 kg/m²
Rug backing
Souple
Account code
20.099 V (58 )
Rates
IPN-V4
IPN-J1 - Persian knots - Regular tightening - Jute (India)
Price
On request
Quality
3/22 (25.000 noeuds/m²)
Techniques
Nœuds persans
Origin
Inde
Composition
Jute
Spinning
Filature
Features
Velours
Cutting
Non
Weight
4,5 kg/m²
Rug backing
Souple
Account code
20.0322 J (58 )
Rates
IPN-J1
IPN-J2 - Persian knots - Moderate tightening - Jute (India)
Price
On request
Quality
5/25 (47.000 noeuds/m²)
Techniques
Nœuds persans
Origin
Inde
Composition
Jute
Spinning
Filature
Features
Velours
Cutting
Non
Weight
5 kg/m²
Rug backing
Souple
Account code
20.0525 J (58 )
Rates
IPN-J2
IPN-J3 - Persian knots - Strong tightening - Jute (India)
Price
On request
Quality
6/40 (91.000 noeuds/m²)
Techniques
Nœuds persans
Origin
Inde
Composition
Jute
Spinning
Filature
Features
Velours
Cutting
Non
Weight
5 kg/m²
Rug backing
Souple
Account code
20.0640 J (58 )
Rates
IPN-J3
IPN-J4 - Persian knots - Heavy tightening - Jute (India)
Price
On request
Quality
9/9 (125.000 noeuds/m²)
Techniques
Nœuds persans
Origin
Inde
Composition
Jute
Spinning
Filature
Features
Velours
Cutting
Non
Weight
4,5 kg/m²
Rug backing
Souple
Account code
20.099 J (58 )
Rates
IPN-J4
IPN-S4 - Persian knots - Heavy tightening - Silk (India)
Price
On request
Quality
9/9 (125.000 noeuds/m²)
Techniques
Nœuds persans
Origin
Inde
Composition
Soie
Spinning
Filature
Features
Velours
Cutting
Non
Weight
4,5 kg/m²
Rug backing
Souple
Account code
20.099 S (58 )
Rates
IPN-S4
BPN-W1 - Persian knots - Regular tightening - Wool (Berber)
Price
On request
Quality
3/10 (11.000 noeuds/m²)
Techniques
Berbère
Origin
Inde
Composition
Laine
Spinning
Filature
Features
Velours
Cutting
Non
Weight
3,2 kg/m²
Rug backing
Souple
Account code
20.1310 W (58)
Rates
BPN-W1
BPN-W2 - Persian knots - Moderate tightening - Wool (Berber)
Price
On request
Quality
3/16 (18.000 noeuds/m²)
Techniques
Berbère
Origin
Inde
Composition
Laine
Spinning
Filature
Features
Velours
Cutting
Non
Weight
3,5 kg/m²
Rug backing
Souple
Account code
20.1316 W (58)
Rates
BPN-W2
BPN-W1 - Persian knots - Strong tightening - Wool (Berber)
Price
On request
Quality
3/22 (25.000 noeuds/m²)
Techniques
Berbère
Origin
Inde
Composition
Laine
Spinning
Filature
Features
Velours
Cutting
Non
Weight
3,5 kg/m²
Rug backing
Souple
Account code
20.1322 W (58)
Rates
BPN-W3

Conceived in Persia (Persian or Senneh knot), it is used in India. This type of knot is similar to the one originating from Anatolia (Turkish or Ghiordes knot).

Technique
To make each knot, the weaver selects a thread of the colour corresponding to the design and ties a knot around the 2 weft threads.


A knot tightening of 5/5 is equivalent to 25 knots per square inch. By multiplying this number by 1,550 we get the number of knots per square inch : 38,750. A knot tightening of 8/8 is therefore equivalent to 99,200 knots per m² and a 10/10 to 155.000 knots per m². There is an other classification based on non-metric units of measurement. For instance, a tightening of 7/18 is equvalent to 48,222 knots per m². To make a simple calculation, multiply the first and second numbers and then the result by 383. A tightening of 9/45 is therefore equivalent to 155,115 knots per m².

Detail
In a rug with a density of 100.000 knots per m², the head of each knot can be seen on the pile. This gives the carpet an interesting “material effect”. However, if after weaving the rug is washed twice or three times, the wool strands will open up and become “pile-like”.

Why choose a knotted rug ?

  • The hand-knotted rug is strong.
  • This technique can be used for all types of designs. The tighter the rug is, the better the design will be. The greater its strength is, the thinner its thickness will be. Thanks to this technique, it is possible to manufacture very large rugs (up to 11 metres in Nepal).
  • Their handmade character is more accentuated than in tufted or handloom rugs, even though the latter are also handmade.
  • Tightening above 100 knots
    For more thicker, more comfortable rugs with gross effect and simple designs. Another thing to note is the softer effect produced by Persian knots.
  • Tightening below 100 knots
    For complex designs and finest quality.
  • Production time
    Knotted rugs take longer to produce than tufted or handloom rugs. The Tibetan knots are slightly faster to tie than the Persian knots. The tightening of knots also influence the production time. The more the design is complex, the more work it will require.
  • For a structural effect created by alternating piles and loops.

Choose a technique

The Kilim and the Flatweave

Hand tufted

The Handloom Weave

The Tibetan
Knot

The Persian
knot